GIZ works with the Ministry of Environment and Forestry on national policy and sector strategies in order to gear these strategies towards the requirements of sustainable forest management, biodiversity conservation and emissions reductions. Effective stakeholder participation is a critical success factor in all planning and strategy development processes.
The team provides assistance relating to the devising and adaptation of regulations for forest governance reform and community forestry schemes. This involves support for innovative approaches through pilot programmes and by adhering to the forest-based bioeconomy project in selected districts of Central Sulawesi, Papua and West Papua provinces. National, regional and international discussions and strategy development will benefit from feedback on relevant successes and challenges on the ground.
FORCLIME focuses on the relationships between national, provincial and district governments as regards the making of land and resource use decisions. In this regard, a team of international and Indonesian advisors is strengthening institutional capacities for the management and monitoring of forests. The establishment of forest management units (FMUs) and community forestry schemes in a way that brings together the management of different forest categories, from protected forest to production forest, under a single roof is crucial to this reform. Moreover, the establishment of FMUs as public service providers, including monitoring and various other tasks, will locate management responsibility closer to the field
The Forests and Climate Change Programme (FORCLIME) comprises four Strategic Areas:
Strategic Area 1 - National and Regional Policy Framework.
Strategic Area 1 of the FORCLIME 4.0 (TC Module) provides policy advice and support for the preparation and improvement of relevant regulations and planning documents for sustainable forest management and biodiversity conservation at the national and sub-national levels.
During its implementation, Strategic Area 1 of the FORCLIME (TC Module) provides policy advice and support within the area of forestry planning (forest governance), climate change mitigation (REDD+, NDC targets), forest/biodiversity conservation, the implementation of FMU policy and regulations, ecological fiscal compensation (transfers), the implementation of gender-related policy and regulations, as well as harmonizing national and provincial regulations as part of the promotion of SFM.
Strategic Area 2 – Sustainable Forest Management (SFM)
FORCLIME supports the Government of Indonesia in terms of technical cooperation for the planning and implementation of sustainable forest management (SFM). The underlying concept behind SFM is to demonstrate the sustainability of economic, ecological and social values as practised through forest management units. Based on existing forestry policy developments in Indonesia, FMU are a public service, while SF refers to community-based forest management schemes at the site level that promote sustainability through forest management in pursuit of improved economic, ecological and social outcomes. While support at the national and provincial levels mainly focuses on the implementation of forestry development and capacity building, at the local level, FORCLIME supports the implementation of FMU responsibility in relation to forest planning and management. Within the framework of Social Forestry, FORCLIME also supports accelerating the development of Customary Forests and enhancing the abilities of groups that utilize forest management systems (including Customary Communities). FORCLIME actively supports the development of FMUs and Social Forestry throughout the districts of Jayapura and Merauke in Papua, the districts of Tambrauw and Sorong Selatan in West Papua, and the Lore Lindu Biosphere Reserve in the province of Central Sulawesi.
Strategic Area 3 - Human Capacity Development
FORCLIME provides assistance relating to human-resource capacity development at both the national and sub-national levels in order to support sustainable forest management that benefits and that contributes to the welfare of communities, as well as resulting in reductions in greenhouse-gas emissions from the Indonesian forestry sector. FORCLIME’s assistance focuses on (1) Development of policies and standards with due regard to human-resource capacity development within the forestry sector; (2) Strengthening of the management capacities of training and educational institutions (particularly the Center of Environment and Forestry Education and Training in Bogor, the Regional Training Center in Makassar and local universities); and (3) Development of training programmes that relate to Forest Management Units (FMU), Social Forestry and climate change mitigation within the forestry sector through classical training and blended learning.
Strategic Area 4 - Integrated Biodiversity Conservation and Watershed Management in the Lore Lindu Landscape/Biosphere Reserve.
FORCLIME provides assistance relating to the promotion and implementation of an integrated management system within the Lore Lindu Landscape. FORCLIME focuses on supporting the implementation of forest management units, agricultural landscapes and development areas/villages within the buffer zone of the Lore Lindu Landscape. FORCLIME’s advisory services are built on the framework of the biosphere reserve and support biodiversity conservation and sustainable forest management that ultimately benefit and contribute to the welfare of communities, as well as help to reduce the amounts of greenhouse gas emissions produced by Indonesia's forestry sector.