What we do
FORCLIME supports the Government of Indonesia in terms of technical cooperation for the planning and implementation of sustainable forest management (SFM). The underlying concept behind SFM is to demonstrate the sustainability of economic, ecological and social values as practised through forest management units. Based on existing forestry policy developments in Indonesia, FMU are a public service, while SF refers to community-based forest management schemes at the site level that promote sustainability through forest management in pursuit of improved economic, ecological and social outcomes. While support at the national and provincial levels mainly focuses on the implementation of forestry development and capacity building, at the local level, FORCLIME supports the implementation of FMU responsibility in relation to forest planning and management. Within the framework of Social Forestry, FORCLIME also supports accelerating the development of Customary Forests and enhancing the abilities of groups that utilize forest management systems (including Customary Communities). FORCLIME actively supports the development of FMUs and Social Forestry throughout the districts of Jayapura and Merauke in Papua, the districts of Tambrauw and Sorong Selatan in West Papua, and the Lore Lindu Biosphere Reserve in the province of Central Sulawesi.
FORCLIME’s objective in the Strategic Area of SFM is to establish forest management structures at the provincial level and community forestry schemes at the local level in project regions in accordance with the principles of sustainable forest management (SFM) and national targets on climate change mitigation and biodiversity conservation. In addition, the experiences of pilot districts will be disseminated across other regions of the country.
The indicators that will be used in order to measure achievements in relation to these stated objectives break down as follows:
- Fifteen other management plans for ecosystem-based forest management with a 10-year timeframe, as drawn up by FMUs and confirmed by the Provincial Forestry Service; and
- Eight user groups of forest management structures that have been trained in accordance with the Indonesian forest management classification system.
How we work
In order to achieve these objectives, FORCLIME provides facilitation and advice in relation to a wide range of activities, including:
Support for institutional strengthening, capacity development and the fostering of FMU responsibility in relation to forest planning and management in order to generate both short and long-term benefits for FMU, conservation areas/biosphere reserves and community groups.
The processes and outputs supported by FORCLIME include the development of long-term management plans, the compiling of forest inventories on FMUs and community forest potentials in relation to climate change mitigation, timber, non-timber forestry products (NTFPs) and environmental services, all in step with the overall concept of a forest-based bioeconomy.
FORCLIME provides strong support for the strengthening of the institutional and organizational structures of FMUs. Meanwhile, implemented activities focus on various aspects, starting from preparations for the organization of FMUs to human capacity building in FMUs and encompass:
- Organizational development (structure, duties and functions; workload analysis; organization of academic texts; etc.);
- Development of management tools for FMUs;
- Human-resource capacity building (training, comparative study trips, etc.);
- Development of the functions and organizational structures of FMUs with partners:
- Working relations;
- Analysis of the KPH’s function in relation to the supervision and education of permit holders;
- Stakeholder analysis; and
- Identification of networks and potential cooperation designs for FMUs.
Support is being provided for a bottom-up approach to forest land-use planning and development in Forest Management Units (KPH) and protected/conservation areas. A road map of biosphere reserves that takes into account traditional (adat) communities is also being drawn up.
In this context, FORCLIME supports and encourages economic, social and conservation-related development activities undertaken by FMUs, including the development of community-based forest management (CBFM), land allocation for community management, etc. FORCLIME also supports the identification of potential stakeholder cooperation regarding FMUs, Social Forestry and biodiversity conservation management.
- Support for the processes of dialogue between traditional (adat) communities and the Forestry Services Agency (including FMUs and CDK), as well as for the implementation of social forestry, including supporting academic and civil society forums as part of the development of traditional community-based Sustainable Forest Management.
- Support for institutional strengthening, capacity development and the fostering of readiness in relation to the periodic monitoring and evaluation of conservation areas (e.g. biosphere reserves).
- Support for user groups of forest management structures in agroforestry development, forest conservation and best practices for land management within forest landscapes, including traditional (adat) communities.
- Support for the capacity building of forest user groups (e.g. social forestry groups) in terms of forest planning and management, as well as for the marketing of forest and non-timber products (e.g. medicinal plants, sago, rusa, coffee, cocoa and ecotourism) in order to promote the production and consumption of sustainably managed forest products.
Support for the strengthening of scientific and technical cooperation and partnerships in relation to forest-related issues at all levels, including adat-related ethnology and anthropology, forest-based bioeconomics and the basic income concept for nature and climate.Implemented activities include:
- Support for the implementation of sustainable forest management;
- Development of community-based forest management;
- Identification and development of environmental services; and
- Identification and promotion of non-timber forest products in relation to FMU management plans and business plans.