To provide a general basis and set of guidelines that address the area of forestry planning, the Minister of Environment and Forestry issued Regulation No.P.41/MENLHK/SETJEN/KUM.1/2019, July 31, 2019.
Source: 2011 - 2030 National Forestry Plan (RKTN)
Article 1 of the 2011 - 2030 National Forestry Plan (RKTN) sets out macro directions for the utilization and use of forest areas for forestry and other development purposes on a national scale for a period of twenty years.
The vision contained under the National Forestry Plan is "Forest governance over the functioning of life support systems for the welfare of the people". This vision has been subdivided into the following missions: 1) Creation of adequate forest land; 2) Reform of forest governance; 3) Implementation of sustainable multi-benefit forest management; 4) Increase in community involvement and access to forest management; 5) Increase in the carrying capacities of the environment; and 5) Strengthening of the position of forestry at the national, regional and international levels.
Furthermore, Article 2 encompasses a number of directives that the 2011 - 2030 RKTN uses as a reference in relation to:
a. Preparation of Macro Plans for Forestry Operations;
b. Preparation of Provincial Level Forestry Plans;
c. Preparation of Forest Management Plans at the Forest Management Unit Level;
d. Preparation of Forestry Development Plans
e. Preparation of Forest Utilization Business Work Plans;
f. Coordination of long- and medium-term planning between sectors; and/or
g. Control of forestry development activities.
As stated in point (a) above, the RKTN has been translated/derived from various Macro Plans for Forestry Administration. Among the Macro Plans for Forestry Administration that are currently being prepared are the following:
Macro Plan for Forest and Watershed Land Rehabilitation
FORCLIME supported the Directorate of Planning for the Utilization and Establishment of Forest Management Areas (RPPWPH), as well as the Directorate General of Forestry Planning and Environmental Management (PKTL) under the framework of the preparation of a Macro Plan for Forest and Watershed Land Rehabilitation (RM-RHLDAS) in 2020. Moreover, a Public Consultation was held that specifically addressed the RM-RHLDAS was held on 8 December 2020. The final draft of the RM-RHLDAS is currently under review at the Legal Bureau of the Ministry of Environment and Forestry and is scheduled to undergo a regulatory harmonization process in early 2023.
As stated on page 2 of the draft document, the RM-RHLDAS plays an important role in realizing coordination, integration and synergy between forestry development actors in relation to the implementation of forest and land rehabilitation through the restoration of related critical land and attempts to increase the carrying capacity of land under forest management. The RM-RHLDAS also plays a role in watershed restoration and management, as well as the optimization of community participation in forest and land rehabilitation activities.
The RM-RHLDAS sets out targets, policy directives and strategies for forest and land rehabilitation for the next 20 years and outlines the main directions and policies of the 2011 - 2030 RKTN, which involve maintaining the benefits offered by forests as a form of life support sustainability, as well as increasing forest and land productivity. This Macro Plan then is the basic instrument that underpins the implementation of frameworks, institutions and financing aimed at forest and land rehabilitation activities and defines Watersheds (DAS) as the main basis for planning analysis.
Macro Plan for the Conservation of Natural Biological Resources and Their Ecosystems
One of the forestry implementation plans that represents an elaboration of the RKTN is the Macro Plan for the Conservation of Natural Biological Resources and Their Ecosystems (RM-KSDAHE), which is used as a reference and set of directives by all parties during the carrying out of development activities, particularly as they relate to the conservation of living natural resources and their ecosystems.
The RM-KSDAHE establishes various directions, targets, policies and strategies for future implementation that address natural resource management and ecosystem conservation. This document will be used as a reference during the implementation of related activities at the national and regional levels. Furthermore, the macro plan outlines Indonesia's position on the international agenda and it is hoped that this RM-KSDAHE document will become the basis for the preparation of a Strategic Plan within the field of natural resource management and ecosystem conservation and will ultimately be used as a guide during efforts aimed at the protection of biodiversity across various regions.
The RM-KSDAHE is a derivative document of the National Level Forestry Plan (RKTN) 2011 - 2030 and will apply for a period of 20 years (2022 - 2042).
FORCLIME supports the Directorate of Planning for the Use and Establishment of Forest Management Areas (RPPWPH) under the framework for the preparation of a Macro Plan for the Conservation of Natural Biological Resources and Their Ecosystems (RM-KSDAHE) in 2021 and 2022. In March 2022, the Final Draft RM-KSDAHE was approved by the Director-General for KSDAE as the party responsible for the formulation and implementation of policies within the field of conservation management of natural resources and their ecosystems. This final draft of the RM-KSDAHE was then submitted to the Legal Bureau of the Ministry of Environment and Forestry for further review and is scheduled to undergo a harmonization process in early 2023. FORCLIME supports the preparation of the RM-KSDAHE through expert facilitation, drafting meetings and technical input.
Macro Plan for Forest Utilization
Forest resources comprise national assets that must be used fairly and sustainably. The wealth of forest resources takes the form of goods and services that function to maintain and enhance production, as well as to realize various economic, ecological and social functions.
The utilization of forest resources needs to take the certainty of forest area management, potentials and efficiency into account, as well as increased added value, environmental sustainability and the dynamics of social and economic development needs. The high potential that forest resources possess must be able to contribute to realizing national goals, as mandated under the constitution, i.e. the greatest prosperity of the people.
The Forest Utilization Macro Plan (RM-PH) offers an important, strategic and more detailed elaboration and direction for the RKTN. The RM-PH will thus be used as a set of guidelines for forest utilization activities and is also the basic strategic instrument for forest use within Indonesia. This plan will also apply for a period of 20 years. The RM-PH set out directions for the future use of forests by taking into consideration the characteristics of the country’s islands and large islands, as well as the economic development potential of multi-function forests. This 20-year plan also addresses social welfare and support for Indonesian forestry at the national, regional and global levels.
FORCLIME supported the Directorate of Plans for the Utilization and Establishment of Forest Management Areas (RPPWPH) within the context of the preparation of a Forest Utilization Macro Plan (RMPH) during 2022. In December 2022, a Public Consultation on the Final Draft of the RMPH was held and the final draft of the RM-PH is currently in the process of being finalized by the team at the RPPWPH Directorate. FORCLIME is currently providing support for the facilitation of experts, drafting meetings and technical input.
The next step
The next step
As an official RKTN 2011 - 2030 directive, it is necessary to create an elaboration or to formulate a derivative of the RKTN in the form of a macro plan for forestry administration. Among the various Macro Plans for Forestry Implementation that have been and are currently being prepared are the RM-RHLDAS, RM-KSDAHE and the RM-PH, which are achievements of the Directorate-General of PKTL, particularly the Directorate of RPPWPH.
The Directorate-General of Forestry Planning and Environmental Management is set to hold a number of harmonization activities in relation to the above macro plans in early 2023. FORCLIME will support the finalization and development of these macro plans.
For further information please contact:
R. Rizka Dewi Zuleika, Junior Adviser for Sustainable Forest Management
Mohamad Rayan, Adviser for Crosscutting Issues and Conflict Management
Wandojo Siswanto, Manager of Strategic Area Forestry Policy